Steel Silo vs Concrete Silo : Advantage of Steel Silo Over Cement Silo

Steel Silo vs Concrete Silo: Which is Better?

One of the most important discussions in the sphere of industries like Cement, Farming and Food-grain production and other allied works are the case of concrete silos vs steel silos.

These are two of the most intriguing and undeniably important constructs that shape the workings involved in the aforementioned industries.

Take a simple example.

Just like a proper cup of tea does not feel like one in the absence of a kettle that keeps the tea warm and in a way that it retains its flavor and quality, similarly, without concrete silos and steel silos, cement cannot retain its real purpose.

Why Steel Silo Should be Used instead of Concrete Silo?

But even before one understands the concept of what is really better between steel silos vs concrete silos, it’s important to understand what purpose do they actually serve.

So, let’s delve into some simple understandings.

A silo primarily refers to a tall tower or pit-like structure whose predominant function saves a produce that stems either from a cement factory or industry or from a farming-related activity. Therefore, the silo can be used to store both cement as well as food grain depending on what the product is.

Having said that, silos are usually and primarily used in two common forms. On the one hand, we have concrete silos and on the other, we have steel silos.

There are, in either case, both: advantages of steel silos as well as disadvantages of concrete silos. And basis important perspective can one take a ‘correct’ or ‘well-informed’ decision as to what might be of a better, sustainable and more productive use.

Having said that, it’s important to arrive at the bottom of what, if not solved and deliberated upon, can become a complex maze: the discussion regarding concrete silos vs steel silos.

And, in that regard, here are some facts for consideration.

For starters, there are a number of advantages of steel silos, that is supposedly more durable, productive for the component they are meant for storage, as well as usable for the longer run.

Let’s quickly brisk past some of these advantages of steel silos:

Steel silos tend to be cost-effective:

While concrete silos may, at first, prove to be cheap, they may not always be that durable. Investing in stainless steel silos is, therefore, more profitable in the long run because they tend to retain their original fine quality. The longer they last; the more the chances of food-grains or cement (whatever is used for storage in them) to retain its original quality.

Due to changing vagaries of weather, storage conditions and et cetera, the steel silos do not crack or suffer from a shape-related malfunction. That’s a big plus, isn’t it?

As a form, Steel leads to more effective silo designs

We are in an age where very often the quality and durability of a product rests on or stems from better design quality. So when it comes to the steel silos, it has to be said they are way better than concrete silos that do not respond well to scenarios like a change in temperature or pressure. Steel silos; on the other hand do quite well.

Steel silos are recommended for better grain aeration

Food grains are, in simple terms, the key source of livelihood for those responsible for their production. And yet, interestingly, they are, eventually the basis of everyone’s existence. Can anyone do without food? And at the same time, it needs to be asked whether anyone can sustain with poor food-grain quality?

Good aeration determines the quality of the food grains in the end- does it not? The better the quality of aeration, an essential component for food-grains, the better it is.

By virtue of its material component and quality, it has been found that steel silos lead to better grain aeration. On any given day can you find that steel is more effective for grain aeration. And anyone wishing to settle the debate between concrete silos vs steel silos should decide the answer basis this key factor here.

Having said all of this, what are the disadvantages of concrete silos?

Less strength, durability

When compared to other materials used for the storage of food-grains and even cement, it has been found that concrete silos have a lower tensile strength. Therefore, other binding materials are better suited when compared to the concrete silos.


Concrete silos are known to be less ductile in nature and this can prove to be ineffective for the food-grains.

A constraint in storage

A key factor in deciding what is better, at the end of the day, between concrete silos vs steel silos is the perspective of storage quality of the former.

It is believed that concrete silos may contain soluble salts, as observed in a few occasions. This may not be such a good thing. In case you are wondering why then probably this simple explanation might suffice. Concrete silos containing soluble salts can lead to phenomenon like efflorescence.

Efflorescence leads to the formation of an eyesore of sorts; in the form of the creation of a white powdery substance at the surface of a brickwork, container or rock. This doesn’t look good and also appears tawdry and unwanted. None of this appears in the case of steel silos.

The Verdict: Steel Silo is Best to Use than Concrete Silo

Therefore one understands that in the tug-of-war between disadvantages of concrete silos vs steel silos, certain advantages of steel silos get the odds stacked in the latter’s favor.